Periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease, is an infection of the gums that can lead to loss of gum tissue, as well as tooth loss. Signs of periodontal disease include receding gums and gums that bleed easily. If you have developed periodontal disease, it can be treated through various periodontal therapies. A dentist can recommend the right type of periodontal therapy for restoring the health of your gums. Dr. Scott Szatkowski is your Elk Grove Village dentist for the treatment of periodontal disease.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease can develop as a result of inconsistent or ineffective oral hygiene efforts. Good oral hygiene habits consisting of regular visits to the dentist and brushing and flossing daily at home are important for clearing away bacteria that can become trapped in hard-to-reach-areas in the mouth. When bacteria are not cleared away, plaque and tartar buildup can develop. This can cause the gums to become infected and develop gingivitis, an early form of gum disease. Eventually, periodontal disease can develop and spread through the mouth.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is associated with several different symptoms. Developing any of these symptoms is an indication that you may have gum disease so it is critical that you see your Elk Grove Village dentist as soon as possible for periodontal therapy. Signs of periodontal disease include:
- Receding gum line
- Swollen, tender, or red gums
- Sensitive gums that easily bleed
- Missing or loose teeth
- Chronic bad breath
There are several methods for treating periodontal disease. Some methods target the infection so it cannot spread, while others restore gum health. Periodontal therapy methods include:
- Scaling and root planing
- Periodontal plastic surgery
- Gum grafting
Scaling and root planing involve thoroughly cleaning the teeth below the gum line and down to the roots, which helps the gums heal from infection and reattach to a clean tooth surface. Periodontal plastic surgery involves reshaping damaged gums. Gum grafting involves the replacement of infected or missing gum tissue by grafting healthy gum tissue from another area of the mouth to where it is needed.
See a dentist right away if you have any of the signs of periodontal disease. Such signs include receding gums and gums that easily bleed. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Szatkowski, your Elk Grove Village dentist, call the office at (847) 437-8366. For the Melrose Park office, call (708) 450-4533.